Study finds that big rains eventually bring big algae blooms

Center for Limnology system engineer Mark Gahler, right, co-author of a new study on the relationship between big storms and algae blooms, and colleague Jonathon Thom collect Lake Mendota data from instruments aboard David Buoy. Credit: Paul Shcramm, UW–Madison ...

Study: Canada geese beat humans in longstanding territory battle

Ryan Askren, pictured with collared Canada goose, worked with University of Illinois researcher Mike Ward and others to determine whether and why harassment efforts work to repel nuisance populations of Canada geese. Credit: Ryan Askren Canada geese collide with ...

Study reveals genomic potential of active soil microbial populations under simulated winter conditions

USGS Northern peatlands contain huge amounts of stored carbon. Studying how microbes transform this trapped carbon and release it as carbon dioxide is an important factor in understanding climate change. Credit: Kristen Manies Scientists estimate that northern peatlands contain ...

Researchers reveal how extinct Steller's sea cow shaped kelp forests

A drawing of a Steller’s sea cow, an extinct marine megaherbivore. Credit: Biodiversity Heritage Library, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons For millions of years, the Steller’s sea cow, a four-ton marine mammal and relative of the manatee, shaped ...

Calcifying organisms are under threat from a combination of ocean warming and acidification

A bryozoan, at 32m depth at Signy Island, Antarctica. Credit: David Barnes, British Antarctic Survey A new study led by the Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC), with colleagues from the British Antarctic Survey, the Institute of Oceanology, the ...

Adventurous bird personalities can help population cope with climate change

Selin Ersoy holds a bird after attaching the small, temporary transmitter. Credit: Selin Ersoy, NIOZ Red knots of all ages and sexes show behavioral traits. These remain mostly unchanged over time but differ across individuals. Some individuals are more ...

The evolution of Asia's mammals was dictated by ancient climate change and rising mountains, study reveals

Carrying traps in the Hengduan Mountains. Credit: Anderson Feijó. The idea that climate change and geological events can shape evolution isn’t a new one: anyone who’s heard of dinosaurs knows that a big change in the environment (like, say, ...

Novel sex-determination mechanism revealed in mammals

Amami spiny rat. Credit: Asato Kuroiwa In mammals, the distinction between male and female at the chromosomal level is due to the X and Y chromosomes. Typically, females have two X chromosomes (XX) while males have an X and ...

Beavers found to have lived in family clans in the Allgäu for more than 11 million years

Skull and lower jaw of a present-day beaver (Castor canadensis) compared with lower jaw of Steneofiber depereti from the Allgäu. Credit: Senckenberg Nature Research Society, Thomas Lechner. For paleontologists, Hammerschmiede in the Allgäu region—the site where the great ape ...

Science ahead of its time: 157-year-old Darwin manuscript made available online

Darwin’s hand-written quote from Origin of Species (left) for the Autographic Mirror magazine. Credit: National University of Singapore November 24 is Evolution day—a day commemorating the publication of Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species on November 24, 1859. Darwin’s seminal ...

Superbugs in the environment rarely transfer to humans, according to new study

Credit: Igor Stramyk/Shutterstock The rapid spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) around the globe represents a crisis on many fronts. Infections that are difficult, or impossible, to treat cause considerable public health and economic burdens, but also pose a serious ...

Newly Discovered Cluster of Genes Increases Longevity

The research is remarkable in that it is based on a huge sample size of animals, numbering in the thousands. The NIA Interventions Testing Program, which included UT Health San Antonio, worked with counterparts in Switzerland and Tennessee. The ...

Swimming habits of gelatinous animals could inspire underwater vehicle design

Nanomia bijuga, a marine animal related to jellyfish, swims via jet propulsion. Credit: Sutherland Lab. A gelatinous sea creature could teach engineers a lesson or two. Nanomia bijuga, a marine animal related to jellyfish, swims via jet propulsion. A ...

Why steamed hay can lead to protein deficiency in horses

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Hay treated with hot steam is safer for horses but provides them with less protein. The horse forage is treated with steam to rid it of potentially harmful microorganisms and to bind particles that could ...

Research identifies 'danger zones' for wandering albatrosses

Graphical abstract. Credit: Biological Conservation (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2022.109796 Over half of wandering albatrosses breeding on Bird Island, in the sub-Antarctic, encounter fishing vessels when feeding, putting them at risk of being accidentally caught or killed in fishing gear, according ...

Pest eradication success stories from subantarctic New Zealand

Campbell Island and megaherbs. Credit: twiddleblat, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons Research into the complex task of ridding Auckland Island of mammalian pests, as part of the Predator Free 2050 program, is the focus of a New ...

Cell division enzyme earmarked as potential new cancer therapeutic target

Mitotic spindles with microtubules (red) attached to chromosomes (blue) during cell division. Cells with normal TTLL11 function (right) have normal rates of microtubule polyglutamylation (green) while cells without TTLL11 (left) are unmodified. Credit: Isabelle Vernos/CRG To make new cells, ...

Biodiversity in Africa and Latin America at risk from oil palm expansion, new report warns

Ghana suvanna. Credit: Kate Parr, University of Liverpool Zero deforestation commitments may inadvertently leave vital habitats in Latin America and Africa vulnerable to agricultural expansion, a new study has found. The study highlights how sustainability commitments, which play an ...

Protecting areas most important to people will also benefit nature, finds global study

Critical natural assets, defined as the natural and semi-natural terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems required to maintain 12 of nature’s ‘local’ contributions to people (local NCP) on land (green) and in the ocean (blue). a, The 12 local NCP analyzed ...

Chickens from live poultry markets in Nigeria could be bad for your health—scientists explain why

Poultry vendors want markets to be more organised and better structured to meet international standards. Credit: Oluwawemimo Adebowale Many livestock farmers treat their animals with antimicrobial medications. These are drugs that target bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. But using ...

For the first time, farmers in the Philippines cultivated Golden Rice on a larger scale and harvested almost 70 tons

On the Philippine island of Antique, several dozen tonnes of Golden Rice were harvested for the first time this autumn. Credit: Antique Provincial Information Office For the first time, farmers in the Philippines have cultivated Golden Rice on a ...

Small spaces can make a big difference to wildlife, new study suggests

Wildflower strips deployed in Washington, comprising a mix of Hall’s aster, Canada goldenrod, Lupine, Sunflower and Yarrow. Credit: Elias Bloom Small patches of land given over to wildlife-friendly planting can make a big difference to pollinator conservation, a new ...

Scientists chart more sustainable future for UK fisheries

Marine fisheries are social-ecological systems in which the social-economic domain (dark gray background) is dependent on the ecological foundations (light gray). Stocks and flows and causal loops illustrate potential interactions associated with overfishing of a hypothetical fish population. The ...

Unique features of octopus create 'an entirely new way of designing a nervous system'

A horizontal a slice at the base of the arms (labeled as A) showing the oral INCs (labeled as O) converging and crossing. Credit: Current Biology (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.11.007 Octopuses are not much like humans—they are invertebrates with eight ...

Scientists provide structural insights into NaV1.7 modulation by inhibitors, to block pain signals to the brain

a. Cryo-EM map of NaV1.7; b. Cartoon representation of NaV1.7 in complex with inhibitors; c. The structure of NTD; d. XEN907 binding site; e. TC-N1752 binding site; f. Superposition of inhibitors in the central cavity of NaV channel. Credit: ...

New species of tyrannosaur, Daspletosaurus wilsoni, hints at ancestor of T. rex

The new species is recognized by the unique arrangement of small hornlets around the eye. Credit: Andrey Atuchin & Badlands Dinosaur Museum Tyrannosaurids, the family of dinosaurs that includes T. rex, has been known from North America and Asia ...

Sociability genes found in some spiders

Phylogeny of study species and genome-wide pattern of molecular evolution in social and nonsocial branches. a The maximum likelihood (ML) phylogenetic tree with estimated divergence time of the 22 spider species included in the study. The ML tree was ...

Australia falls short in Great Barrier Reef efforts: experts

Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is significantly impacted by climate change factors, according to experts. Despite warnings, Australia’s efforts to save the Great Barrier Reef still fall short of protecting the world’s largest coral reef system from pollution and climate ...

Seagrass crucial to stemming the tide of coastal erosion

Seagrass root mats can reduce coastal erosion up to 70%. Researchers at University of Gothenburg have made test in wave tank that shows that the roots makes binds the sand dunes. Credit: Pekka Tuuri The sea devours large tracts ...

Researchers find positive legacy effects after grassland droughts

Conceptual framework showing how drought-induced community structure change and subsequent-year precipitation pattern interactively drive a positive legacy effect. Credit: Pan Qingmin Global climate-change-induced extreme droughts are increasing in grasslands worldwide. Severe droughts not only reduce current-year grassland productivity substantially, ...

Controlling nematode worm behavior using two different light-sensitive proteins called opsins

C. elegans Stoplight: OMU scientists have developed a system that can control the behavior of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans, using two different light-sensitive proteins called opsins that are triggered by green and UV lights. The opsins are highly ...

Cracking open a fossil bone reveals rapid juvenile growth in early tetrapods

A skeletal reconstruction of Whatcheeria deltae (credit B. Otoo). This study made thin-sections of Whatcheeria thigh bones (femora) including a juvenile femur that revealed a type of bone that is associated with elevated growth rates. In histological section and ...

Bird flu prompts slaughter of 1.8M chickens in Nebraska

Chickens walk in a fenced pasture at an organic farm in Iowa on Oct. 21, 2015. Nebraska agriculture officials say another 1.8 million chickens must be killed after bird flu was found on a farm in the latest sign ...

Mussel survey reveals alarming degradation of River Thames ecosystem since the 1960s

One of the mussels gathered in the River Thames survey. Credit: University of Cambridge University of Cambridge scientists replicated a 1964 River Thames survey and found that mussel numbers have declined by almost 95%, with one species—the depressed river ...

MIT Reveals: How Nervous Systems Integrate Environment and State To Control Behavior

New research by MIT reveals how environment and state are integrated to control behavior. They looked, in detail, at the mechanisms that control the levels of a single olfactory receptor in a single olfactory neuron of the C. elegans worm ...

Wolves emboldened by parasite more likely to lead pack: study

Leader of the pack? A parasite may make grey wolves in Yellowstone National Park take more risks, research suggests. Wolves infected with a common parasite are far more likely to become the leader of their pack, according to a ...

Personality and Divorce: Breakups Are More Common in Albatross Couples With Shy Males

A wandering albatross displaying to potential mates. Credit: Samantha Patrick In a long-studied population of wandering albatrosses, females are less likely to stick with a shy mate. The wandering albatross is the poster bird for avian monogamy. The graceful glider ...

Unprecedented Detail: Researchers Capture How Genes Fold and Work

The technique is the most comprehensive yet for studying the shape of genes. The new technique is “like upgrading from the Hubble to the James Webb.” A new imaging technique captures the three-dimensional architecture of the human genome with unprecedented ...

What if the dinosaurs hadn't gone extinct? Why our world might look very different

Giant dinosaurs and mammals through time. Credit: Nick Longrich Sixty-six million years ago, an asteroid hit the Earth with the force of 10 billion atomic bombs and changed the course of evolution. The skies darkened and plants stopped photosynthesising. ...

Some Archaea found to have integrons, allowing cross-domain gene transfer

Cassette recruitment (attC × attI recombination) assays. (A) Schematic outlining the experimental setup of the cassette insertion assays. The kanamycin resistance (KmR) suicide vector pJP5603 with an attC site is delivered into the recipient E. coli UB5201 strain via ...


Skull and partial skeleton found in Morocco helps link ancient whale species

Scientists discover five new species of black corals thousands of feet underwater near the Great Barrier Reef

Five key decisions at global wildlife summit

Costa Rica crocodiles survive in 'most polluted' river

New Tool Reveals What Happens When We Learn

Researchers find repeated gene duplications and genetic diversification in protein kinase R in mouse-eared bats

Highly Intelligent: What Octopus and Human Brains Have in Common

Project aims to use concrete reefs to increase marine biodiversity off the Danish coast

Distribution pattern and environmental factors of belowground bud banks in large-scale environment transects

What octopus and human brains have in common

Developing a sensor to detect disease-transmitting mosquitoes

Wolves infected with a common parasite may be much more likely to become pack leaders

Animals are key to restoring the world's forests, long-term data set reveals

DNA sequence enhances our understanding of the origins of jaws

Guess who? Chimpanzee faces reveal family relationships

Exploring how totipotency pioneer factor Nr5a2 activates the genome in zygotes

Oyster reef restoration rapidly increases marine biodiversity: Study

Big brains bring change: Inside the social life of spiders

Global wildlife summit approves shark protections

What is ethical animal research? A scientist and veterinarian explain

How bacteriophage resistance shapes Salmonella populations

Researchers reveal role of methyltransferase SMYD3 in hypoxia tolerance

Ocean warming and acidification impact the marine food web, study finds

New function of CRISPR gene scissors discovered: Protein scissors activate defense function

Review provides new perspective on grieving the loss of a pet

Embedding social considerations in large-scale ecological restoration planning

Trends and biases in African large carnivore population assessments

Community wildlife conservation isn't always a win-win solution: the case of Kenya's Samburu

New 'Green Revolution' gene discovery sows hope of drought resilient wheat

International team of researchers identifies new species of dinosaur

TMBIM5, an important piece of the mitochondrial exchange puzzle discovered

AI tailors artificial DNA for future drug development

'Where are the mackerel?' Alarm as Bosphorus fish stocks crash

Stop counting cups. There's an ocean of difference in our water needs

Less intensively managed grasslands have higher plant diversity and better soil health, research shows for first time

Scientists Have Found a Way To Manipulate Digital Data Stored in DNA

To stop new viruses jumping across to humans, we must protect and restore bat habitat

Increased grazing pressure threatens the most arid rangelands

Overfished lobster found to grow bigger in protected areas

Unparalleled Precision: Researchers Reveal New Information About Photosynthesis

Study reveals intensive grassland management hampers recovery of soil food webs from drought

New CRISPR-based tool inserts large DNA sequences at desired sites in cells

Tracing changes to the human diet during the transition from hunting to agriculture

Wildlife summit to vote on 'historic' shark protections

Call for harder line on how we judge conservation

Planet's most unique birds at higher risk of extinction: Study of 99% of all living bird species

Study uncovers how bacteria use ancient mechanisms to self-repair

Gully erosion prediction tools can lead to better land management

Old World flycatchers' family tree mapped

NET locus regulates both flavor quality and nutrient metabolite accumulation in rice

Scientists add 'invisible fiber' to foods for a healthier diet

New technology maps movement of microscopic algae in unprecedented detail

Egyptian lagoon vital to Cyprus turtles, study shows

Texas Comptroller asks feds to consider energy industry in endangered bat listing

Cooking in caves: Research reveals sophisticated prehistoric culinary habits

Captive lyrebirds lose their culture

Submerged macrophyte biodiversity buffers impact of eutrophication stress on ecosystem functioning

Facial recognition can help conserve seals, scientists say

Study provides insights into how microbiome community and metabolic functions may couple with fig-wasp mutualism

Discovery of 119-Million-Year-Old “Selfish” Genes Casts Doubt on Established Evolution Beliefs

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