Causes of ADHD: What You Need To Know
(Photo : Tara Winstead from Pexels)

ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is a chronic illness that impairs people’s ability to focus. People with ADHD may appear restless, have poor concentration, and act impulsively at the moment. Its symptoms are typically seen in children at a young age, and they may become more evident as they grow older and their environment shifts, such as when they begin attending school.

ADHD is sometimes misdiagnosed as a child and is often discovered at a later age. Although the symptoms of ADHD typically improve with age, many adults diagnosed with the disorder at a young age continue to have difficulties. Additionally, those with ADHD may suffer from other problems, such as sleeplessness and anxiety disorders.

What Causes ADHD?

The causes of ADHD are still unknown. However, the following are some of the possible combinations of factors considered to be responsible.

The Function And Structure Of The Brain

According to recent research, there are several possible differences between the brains of persons who have ADHD and those who do not. However, the particular relevance of these changes is still unclear. 

For instance, studies that used brain scans have revealed that specific brain areas in people with ADHD may be smaller, but other portions of the brain may be more prominent. There may be an imbalance in the number of neurotransmitters present in the brain, or these chemicals may not be functioning correctly in people with ADHD, thus the prescription of vyvanse.

Genes

ADHD is thought to be passed down through families, and it is believed that the genes you acquire from your parents have a significant role in developing the disorder. People with ADHD are more likely to have it themselves if they have parents or siblings who have ADHD. But how ADHD is inherited is likely to be complex.

Smoking During Pregnancy

Children born to pregnant women who smoked cigarettes during the term, particularly heavy smokers, have an increased chance of developing ADHD, a recent assessment of medical studies finds.

Mothers who smoked during pregnancy had a 60% increased risk of having a kid with ADHD compared to non-smokers. Moreover, those who smoked fewer than ten cigarettes per day had a 54% greater chance of having a kid with ADHD. But this risk increases to 75% if the mother is a heavy smoker.

Premature Delivery

According to a study conducted by Norwegian researchers, infants born at least four weeks before full term (at 33 weeks or earlier) were more likely to exhibit ADHD symptoms than children born in expected delivery. Furthermore, the connection appeared to be stronger in females than in males.

Although the media reported this as a fresh discovery, this connection had been established previously through studies. ADHD is a complicated disorder with unknown causes. Environmental factors like the child’s birth weight and genetics might influence.

While there is no sure way to prevent premature birth, expecting mothers can minimize their risk by being active, abstaining from alcohol and smoking, and maintaining a healthy pregnancy.

Traumatic Head Injury

A person who has suffered a significant head injury is more prone to develop ADHD. However, evidence suggests that symptoms may not manifest themselves for up to a decade after the injury occurred.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common reason for hospitalization for children and teenagers. It has been linked to the development of mental disorders such as secondary ADHD, which is a type of ADHD that arises due to an injury. Approximately one in every five children who have had a TBI will develop ADHD, which usually reveals itself within a few years, if not sooner.

ADHD Diagnosis

Determining whether or not a person has ADHD is a procedure that involves multiple steps. There is no specific test that can be used to diagnose ADHD. Many other conditions, such as anxiousness, depression, insomnia, and certain forms of learning challenges, might exhibit symptoms similar to those of the disorder.

One step in the procedure is to undergo a medical examination, including hearing and vision tests, to rule out other conditions that may manifest symptoms similar to ADHD. The diagnosis of ADHD typically involves using a checklist to evaluate ADHD symptoms and gathering information about the person from parents, relatives, and, in some cases, the person itself.

Treatments For ADHD

The most effective treatment for ADHD is a combination of behavioral therapy and medication. It is advised that behavior therapy be used as the primary line of treatment before medication is tried. What is most effective can vary depending on the individual’s family-close monitoring, follow-ups, a discount card for prescribed drugs or medicines, and making adjustments might become needed along the way.

Staying Healthy Can Help Managing ADHD Symptoms

Being healthy is critical for everyone, but it is especially vital for children and adults with ADHD. Along with behavioral therapy and medication, a healthy lifestyle can help a person manage ADHD symptoms. The following are some healthy behaviors that may be helpful:

    Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and choosing lean protein sources.

    Engaging in daily physical activity.

    Limiting the amount of daily screen time of gadgets or any electronic devices.

    Getting enough sleep each night.

Final Thoughts

Many people who have ADHD are unaware they have it. A complete evaluation often entails reviewing past and present symptoms, a physical examination, and medical history. Individuals with ADHD are treated with medication or a combination of medications. Additionally, behavior management measures, such as reducing distractions and the involvement of immediate family members, can be beneficial.

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