The compliance veteran said Binance’s report didn't address internal financial controls and that it lacks an “assurance conclusion.”

proof of reserves, crypto exchange, binance, sec

John Reed Stark, a former U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulator, said that Binance’s recent “proof of reserves” report is how he defines a “red flag.”

Stark alleged that the recent report “doesn’t address the effectiveness of internal financial controls” nor “express an opinion or assurance conclusion,” adding that it fails to “vouch for the numbers.”

In legal terminology, an “assurance conclusion” is where the auditor evaluates whether the evidence obtained is “sufficient and appropriate” and then offers a conclusion about whether the sources are free from misrepresentation.

Stark worked for the SEC for 18 years, founding the Commission’s Office of Internet Enforcement. He serves as president of his own cybersecurity-focused consultancy, as well as an adjunct professor at the Duke School of Law.

Stark has also been an outspoken critic of certain other companies within the crypto ecosystem as well. 

Pulling no punches, the consultant said, “Tether is a house of cards” and “is running a Ponzi scheme” in a recent tweet, pointing to “evasion/deflection/lack of responsiveness” on the part of the stablecoin giant. 

Wow, tell us Tether is running a Ponzi scheme without telling us that Tether is running a Ponzi scheme. Just listen to his answers. IMHO, as a former SEC enforcement official of 18 yrs, the evasion/deflection/lack of responsiveness makes me believe Tether is a house of cards.

— John Reed Stark (@JohnReedStark) December 2, 2022


Crypto exchanges rush to publish reserves

The news comes after audit, tax, and advisory firm Mazars concluded that Binance controlled “in-scope assets in excess of 100% of its total platform liabilities.”

Mazars reported a 101% collateralization ratio for the 575,742 Bitcoin in net customer balances as of midnight UTC on November 22.

Stark isn’t the only high-profile voice in the space to throw shade at some of Binance’s recent efforts to verify its balance book. 

Jesse Powell, founder and CEO of rival crypto exchange Kraken, termed the report “either ignorance or intentional misrepresentation,” saying that “The statement of assets is pointless without liabilities.” 

I'm sorry but no. This is not PoR. This is either ignorance or intentional misrepresentation.

The merkle tree is just hand wavey bullshit without an auditor to make sure you didn't include accounts with negative balances. The statement of assets is pointless without liabilities.

— Jesse Powell (@jespow) November 25, 2022

Binance has gone to great lengths to verify its financial footing after FTX slid into bankruptcy last month. The exchange introduced what is known as a Merkle tree system soon after the collapse of the rival exchange.

A “Merkle Tree” is a cryptographic tool that allows for “the consolidation of large amounts of data into a single hash,” which Binance claims allows users to verify that is, in fact, their Bitcoin that is being traded.

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