new research identifies lack of appropriate control tools for many major infectious diseases of animals
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

New research published in The Lancet Planetary Health has identified a lack of appropriate control tools for many infectious diseases of animals that can have a significant impact upon the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

International efforts should focus on developing control tools for a range of priority infectious diseases of animals, including Nipah virus infection, African swine fever, foot and mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis, scientists say, but progress is needed across a wide range of zoonotic, endemic and epidemic (including pandemic) diseases to secure a healthy planet for humans, animals and the environment.

The study, led by Dr. Johannes Charlier, project manager of DISCONTOOLS, and including an international team of animal health experts, assessed the current state of available control tools for 53 major infectious diseases of animals.

The researchers found that while easy to use and accurate diagnostics are available for many animal diseases, there is an urgent need for the development of stable and durable diagnostics that can differentiate infected animals from vaccinated animals and assess other disease characteristics like transmissibility, impact on animal productivity and welfare.

They add that there is also a pressing need to exploit rapid technological advances and to make diagnostics widely available and affordable. The scientists call for further research to improve the convenience of use and duration of immunity, and to establish performant marker vaccines.

The research highlights that the largest gap in animal pharmaceuticals is the threat of pathogens developing resistance to available drugs—particularly for bacterial and parasitic (protozoal, helminth and arthropod) pathogens.

Dr. Charlier and his fellow researchers propose five research priorities for animal health that will help deliver a sustainable and healthy planet. They are vaccinology, antimicrobial resistance, climate mitigation and adaptation, digital health and epidemic preparedness.

Dr. Charlier says that “Animal health is a prerequisite for global health, economic development, food security, food quality and poverty reduction while mitigating against climate change and biodiversity loss.”

“If we are to achieve the SDGs, further research into appropriate control tools is needed to reduce the burden of animal diseases, including zoonoses, and to manage emerging diseases, pandemic threats and antimicrobial and antiparasitic resistance.”

The scientists used DISCONTOOLS—an open-access database and key resource for the STAR-IDAZ International Research Consortium, as well as for other funders of animal health research including trusts and industry bodies—to assess the current state of appropriate control tools for 53 major infectious diseases of animals.

DISCONTOOLS identifies the gaps in knowledge needing to be addressed to speed up the development of new DISease CONtrol TOOLS (diagnostics, vaccines and pharmaceuticals) and reduce the burden of animal diseases. This delivers benefits in terms of animal health and welfare, public health and a safe and secure food supply.

The DISCONTOOLS resource was then used to prioritize the list of infectious animal diseases where appropriate control tools are lacking and where addressing this need would have the greatest impact towards achieving the relevant SDGs.

Dr. Charlier added that “for achieving maximal impact it is important to devote appropriate attention to both epidemic, zoonotic and endemic diseases. While epidemic diseases attract a lot of attention because of their sudden and devastating impact, the huge impact of more chronic diseases is less visible and hence often forgotten.”

“Prevention of these diseases will not only require development of new technologies, but also sustained investment in diagnostic networks and research infrastructures, supply chains, capacity building, and international, trans-sectoral coordination.”

Roxane Feller, secretary general of AnimalhealthEurope (the trade association of the animal medicines industry) and management board member of DISCONTOOLS, supports the study and added that “the potential for transfer of infectious diseases between animals and people is a One Health challenge recognized at the highest level, signaling that it is high-time for all of us to move from firefighting to fire prevention.”

“The impacts of animal disease stretch even further beyond public health, from devastating socio-economic effects for those who rely on livestock for income, to negative environmental effects through feed used and emissions created with no food output.”

“By public and private investments in innovative early research, the animal health industry as a whole can focus on unlocking the secrets needed to develop new generations of vaccines, diagnostics and other therapies to prevent animal disease and avoid the negative effects.”

Alex Morrow from STAR-IDAZ IRC, says that “animal diseases are, in most cases, global problems and so need a focused global approach to understand and control them. To speed up the innovation pipeline from basic science to the required products it is important to work together internationally and along the research pipeline focusing resources in a coordinated way on the critical knowledge gaps and identified product needs: we can’t all do everything.” More information: Disease control tools to secure animal and public health in a densely populated world, The Lancet Planetary Health (2022). DOI: 10.1016/PIIS2542-5196(22)00147-4 Journal information: The Lancet Planetary Health

Provided by CABI Citation: New research identifies lack of appropriate control tools for many major infectious diseases of animals (2022, October 5) retrieved 5 October 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-10-lack-tools-major-infectious-diseases.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

TECH NEWS RELATED

Nest Rolls Out a Slew of New Holiday Ringtones for Your Doorbell

Google It’s that time of the year again. The minute Thanksgiving is over, the Christmas tree and lights start going up. Throughout the year, Google releases new Nest doorbell tones that are fun and festive, and for the 2022 holiday, we’re getting five new Nest doorbell ringtones. More importantly, ...

View more: Nest Rolls Out a Slew of New Holiday Ringtones for Your Doorbell

6 of the biggest new Netflix releases coming next week

I hope you’ve cleared out your streaming watchlist, because Netflix is teeing up a slew of new releases over the next several days that will dominate viewership on the platform over the coming week. As we do each weekend, we’ll walk through a curated selection of some of the biggest ...

View more: 6 of the biggest new Netflix releases coming next week

7 Ways to Fix iPhone Calendar Search Not Working

Want to check out the dates of your past or upcoming meeting or travel plans? Or when was your last or next doctor’s appointment? Well, you can search for the appointment and event in your Calendar app. But what if the iPhone Calendar search feature is not working? Well, this ...

View more: 7 Ways to Fix iPhone Calendar Search Not Working

This Wanted Man Finally Gets Arrested After Commenting on Sheriff's Facebook Post

This could be the easiest police manhunt in history. This fugitive from Georgia essentially helped local law enforcement to arrest him after he commented on the Rockdale County Sheriff’s Office’s Facebook page. How About Me? When this sheriff’s office posted a “Most Wanted List” for November, something unexpected happened in ...

View more: This Wanted Man Finally Gets Arrested After Commenting on Sheriff's Facebook Post

Samsung's next-gen OLED screens might support multi-fingerprint sensing

Samsung could usher in the next era of fingerprint sensing technology on OLED displays. The South Korean company is reportedly working on OLED displays with multi-fingerprint sensing technology. Dubbed OLED 2.0, these screens are capable of scanning multiple fingerprints at the same time. This would eliminate the need for ...

View more: Samsung's next-gen OLED screens might support multi-fingerprint sensing

Amazon Basics Office Products and Electronics Are Now Discounted up to 38%

Stock up and save on batteries, surge protectors, memory cards and more with this limited-time deal.

View more: Amazon Basics Office Products and Electronics Are Now Discounted up to 38%

Ye and big tech gave Infowars one of its biggest days ever

Conspiracy theorist Alex Jones has been banned across social media, but this week he still found a megaphone.  Ye — the megastar formerly known as Kanye West — joined Jones’ far-right conspiracy theory outlet Thursday for an interview in which he announced his “love” for Adolf Hitler and Nazis. ...

View more: Ye and big tech gave Infowars one of its biggest days ever

SIM swapper gets 18-months for involvement in $22 million crypto heist

Florida man Nicholas Truglia was sentenced to 18 months in prison on Thursday for his involvement in a fraud scheme that led to the theft of millions from cryptocurrency investor Michael Terpin. The funds were stolen following a January 2018 SIM swap attack that allowed Truglia’s co-conspirators to hijack ...

View more: SIM swapper gets 18-months for involvement in $22 million crypto heist

How to Use the Same WhatsApp Account on Two Phones Officially

Scientists Discover That Binge-Eating Sweet Treats Is Influenced by Gut Microbiome

Bayesian search: A simple rule to find stuff you’ve lost

What We’re Playing: ‘Star Trek Timelines’ Free-to-Play in the Final Frontier

Funko Pop spoils the design of a major MCU Phase 5 villain

Hackers use new, fake crypto app to breach networks, steal cryptocurrency

How to Create and Join Amazon Prime Video Watch Party

Advanced “Lab on a Chip” – Scientists Have Created a Powerful, Ultra-Tiny Spectrometer

Possible that Twitter gave preference to leftists during Brazil election: Elon Musk

Northrop Grumman Unveils US Air Force's B-21 Stealth Nuclear Strategic Bomber

Archaeologists Uncover 1,900-Year-Old Snacks Underneath Rome's Ancient Colosseum

Motorola Edge 30 Fusion Launches In The US With The Most Unique Color Ever

OTHER TECH NEWS

Top Car News Car News