serious violence peaked after covid-19 restrictions eased: report
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Serious violence increased by nearly a quarter following the easing of COVID-19 lockdown in England and Wales, according to a new report by Cardiff University.

The University’s Violence Research Group (VRG) found an estimated 146,856 people attended A&E for violence-related injury in 2021, up 23% from 2020. Violence peaked in August 2021, reaching pre-pandemic levels, the VRG’s 21st annual report states.

The increase represents the biggest yearly rise since records began in 2001—however, overall rates of serious violence in 2021 were lower than in the years prior to the pandemic, with long-term trends showing a steady decline.

Despite concerns COVID-19 restrictions may have increased the risk of serious violence for women and girls, the researchers found no evidence of this.

The report’s authors also studied violence in Scotland for the first time, with an estimated 8,549 people attending emergency units for violence-related injury in 2021.

“The easing of restrictions after national COVID-19 related lockdown in England and Wales was linked to the biggest increase in serious violence in a single year since our records began 21 years ago,” said Professor Jonathan Shepherd, co-author of the report.

“The easing of restrictions in 2021 was associated with a significant increase in serious violence; by August pre-pandemic levels were reached.

“Our data are the only overall measure of serious violence during the pandemic and provide evidence of how restrictions affected this during a fascinating period. Our findings also point to prevention priorities, such as earlier and more precise targeting of police resources at violence hot spots identified from A&E data. Without this detailed information police are blind to when and where half of this serious violence takes place.”

Data gathered and analyzed by the VRG from 74 emergency units in England and Wales showed that in the 12 months ending 31 December 2021, an estimated 146,856 people attended for treatment of violence-related injuries, up from 27,745 in 2020.

Serious violence increases affected all age groups—among children aged 0-10 by 42%, among adolescents aged 11-17 by 20%, among young adults aged 18-30 by 29%, among those aged 31-50 by 20%, and among those aged over 50 by 16%.

Those at highest risk of violence-related injury were males, who at 3.38 per 1,000 residents were more than twice at risk than females, and those aged 18-30 (6 per 1,000 residents).

Overall rates of serious violence in 2021 were lower than in the years before the pandemic, down 24% and 49% compared to 2017 and 2011, for example.

Professor Shepherd said: “The government’s 2019 assessment of public health contributions to violence prevention, signed by Sajid Javid when he was Home Secretary, concluded that even if just 5% of community safety partnerships used specified A&E data to guide their work—the tried and tested strategy known as the Cardiff Model—savings over 10 years would be almost £1bn.

“Serious violence is preventable, not inevitable.”

This 21st annual report on serious violence in England, Wales—and now Scotland—is produced by the Violence Research Group. It includes data from the National Violence Surveillance Network, led by Cardiff University’s Professor Vaseekaran Sivarajasingam. More information: Violence in England and Wales in 2021: An Accident & Emergency Perspective, cdn.roxhillmedia.com/productio … 6b4b822ca46b762f.pdf Provided by Cardiff University Citation: Serious violence peaked after COVID-19 restrictions eased: report (2022, April 26) retrieved 26 April 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-04-violence-peaked-covid-restrictions-eased.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

TECH NEWS RELATED

Is the lost tomb of Genghis Khan hiding in plain sight?

The birth of Genghis Khan, founder of the Mongol Empire and one of history’s most successful conquerors, is shrouded in mystery. The History of the Yuan, an historical account commissioned by China’s Ming dynasty, says Genghis Khan was born in 1162, while The Secret History of the Mongols — ...

View more: Is the lost tomb of Genghis Khan hiding in plain sight?

How changing your diet can help fight the climate crisis

Greenhouse gas emissions are shown per 100 grams of protein across a global sample of 38,700 commercially viable farms in 119 countries. Greenhouse gas emissions are measured in kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalents (kgCO₂eq) per 100 grams of protein. Source: https://ourworldindata.org/grapher/ghg-per-protein-poore. Credit: Wellcome Climate change is driven by and ...

View more: How changing your diet can help fight the climate crisis

Below-average harmful algal bloom predicted for western Lake Erie

Bloom severity index for 2002-2021, and the forecast for 2022. The index is based on the amount of biomass over the peak 30-days. Credit: NOAA NOAA and its research partners are forecasting that western Lake Erie will experience a smaller-than-average harmful algal bloom (HAB) this summer, which would make ...

View more: Below-average harmful algal bloom predicted for western Lake Erie

Universal optothermal micro/nanoscale rotors

Working mechanism of light-driven out-of-plane rotation of micro/nanoscale rotors. (A) A simplified schematic illustrating the experimental setup and operation for OTER of micro/nanoparticles. (B) Working mechanism of OTER: (i) In the nonuniform temperature field, Na+ and Cl− ions and PEG molecules diffuse to the cold region. Yellow arrows indicate ...

View more: Universal optothermal micro/nanoscale rotors

RadioShack Rises From the Dead (Again) to Shill Crypto, Because Of Course

Snjivo/Shutterstock Do you ever get the urge to buy an old brand name like RadioShack and use its lifeless corpse to sell cryptocurrency? Oh, me neither. But that’s exactly what’s happening today. Retail Ecommerce Ventures, an unregulated investment company owned by Tai Lopez and Alex Mehr, is preparing to launch ...

View more: RadioShack Rises From the Dead (Again) to Shill Crypto, Because Of Course

Tesla Submits Plans to Add Massive New Structure to its Gigafactory Texas Facility

Tesla plans to construct a huge additional facility at Gigafactory Texas. Even though it is the world’s largest structure, the company sees potential to grow at the site. Tesla Requested Permission to Build Another Enormous Building in Texas The city of Austin has received a request from Tesla to ...

View more: Tesla Submits Plans to Add Massive New Structure to its Gigafactory Texas Facility

Tesla Allegedly Abuses Employees Following Recent Racial Lawsuit

Tesla is currently facing a new lawsuit filed by its own employees. According to the complainants, the electric vehicle maker allegedly abused them because of their race. Tesla Racial Lawsuit (Photo : Tesla Fans Schweiz from Unsplash)Tesla is facing another lawsuit related to racial discrimination and sexual harassment. As per The ...

View more: Tesla Allegedly Abuses Employees Following Recent Racial Lawsuit

Tesla Gigafactory Texas Expansion Request Has Been Filed! Here's How Massive the Additional Plant Is

The Tesla Gigafactory Texas expansion is now confirmed after the giant electric carmaker filed a request to the city of Austin. (Photo : Photo by SUZANNE CORDEIRO/AFP via Getty Images)CEO of Tesla Motors Elon Musk speaks at the Tesla Giga Texas manufacturing “Cyber Rodeo” grand opening party on April 7, ...

View more: Tesla Gigafactory Texas Expansion Request Has Been Filed! Here's How Massive the Additional Plant Is

Study begins to unravel the mysterious evolution of fatherless male insects

Ibuprofen tablets with flavor added survive better in space

Learning to combat DDOS attacks

Companies have a simple and legal way to help their workers living in anti-abortion states—expanding paid time off

Scientists decipher, catalog the diverse origins of Earth's minerals

Who overturning Roe hurts most, explained in 7 charts

Did You Know That Sony Walkman, the Portable Cassette Player, Hit the Shelves on This Day in 1979?

Govt may launch national malware repository; to create robust cybersecurity regime

Indian unicorn heads meet British PM Boris Johnson; discuss India-UK collaboration

Life Helps Make Almost Half of Earth’s Minerals

Chinese game developer miHoYo, creator of Genshin Impact, sues Minmetals trust firm in a case of speculative investment gone bad

eBay's Fourth of July Sale Includes Deals on Home Decor, Kitchen Gadgets, Tech and More

OTHER TECH NEWS

Top Car News Car News