some major car brands including bmw, toyota and vw haven't backed cop26 pledge to eliminate emissions from new motors by 2040
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Ford, General Motors, Jaguar Land Rover, Mercedes-Benz and Volvo have all backed a pledge made at the COP26 climate conference to eliminate new car emissions by 2040.

However, many of the world’s biggest car makers – including Volkswagen, Toyota and Stellantis – have not backed the deal.

The news from the climate summit’s dedicated day to transport has highlighted the challenges that remain when it comes to shifting to a zero-emission future. 

some major car brands including bmw, toyota and vw haven't backed cop26 pledge to eliminate emissions from new motors by 2040
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The declaration presented at the United Nations climate summit in Glasgow is part of a Britain-led bid to accelerate the transition to greener vehicles.

The pledge – called the Glasgow Declaration on Zero Emission Cars and Vans – outlines an agreement for car makers, governments, cities, businesses, investors and financial institutions to ‘work towards’ all sales of new cars and vans being fully zero-emissions in ‘leading markets’ by 2035 and globally by 2040.

It sits in line with the UK’s current plan to end the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans from 2030, with hybrid models (which use a combination of electric powertrain and combustion engine) ousted from showrooms five years later. 

While it is a non-binding pledge, some of the biggest brands in the automotive sector haven’t backed it.

However, it has been signed by group across national, regional and local governments, fleet and mobility operators, industry investors and a handful of car makers. 

The Financial Times first broke the news about the major brands not signing up on Monday.

Sources familiar with the pledge’s contents said that four of the world’s five biggest vehicle producers – Toyota Motor Corp, Volkswagen AG, Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance and Hyundai-Kia – as well as crucial car markets China, the United States and Germany have not signed up. 

All four manufacturing giants have yet to put a definitive end date on the sale of vehicles with internal combustion engines. 

Major car makers that have – and have not – signed the pledge 

HAVE SIGNED

BYD

Ford

General Motors 

Jaguar Land Rover

Mercedes-Benz

Volvo 

HAVE NOT SIGNED

BMW

Honda 

Stellantis 

Toyota

Volkswagen 

some major car brands including bmw, toyota and vw haven't backed cop26 pledge to eliminate emissions from new motors by 2040
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Also among the motor brands not putting their names to the pledge is Germany’s BMW, Japan’s Honda and manufacturing powerhouse Stellantis, which represents brands including Citroen, Fiat, Peugeot and Opel/Vauxhall.     

Again, both BMW and Honda have yet to publicly declare when they plan to sell only zero-emission cars, though some brands within the Stellantis group – including DS Automobiles and Fiat – have set in stone their intentions to be electric-only by 2024 and 2030 respectively.

Among those that have is Sweden’s Volvo, which has already committed to going fully electric by 2030 and in the last week been calling on world leaders and energy providers to significantly boost investments in green energy to reduce the carbon footprint of electric models. 

Also planning to sign the pledge at climate talks in Glasgow are US giants Ford and General Motors, Daimler AG’s Mercedes-Benz, China’s BYD and Jaguar Land Rover, a unit of India’s Tata Motors. 

Polestar, the EV-arm of Volvo has also signed the non-binding agreement. 

Thomas Ingenlath, the brand’s boss, said: ‘Car companies are still talking about selling petrol and diesel cars until 2040. Considering the lifetime of a car, they will still be driving and polluting the second half of this century. 

‘They are delaying one of the most powerful climate protection solutions available to us.’ 

According to sources, ride-hailing company Uber will also be a signatory. 

some major car brands including bmw, toyota and vw haven't backed cop26 pledge to eliminate emissions from new motors by 2040
© Provided by This Is Money (
some major car brands including bmw, toyota and vw haven't backed cop26 pledge to eliminate emissions from new motors by 2040
© Provided by This Is Money (

Britain, which is hosting the COP26 summit, said four new countries including New Zealand and Poland were joining other nations already committed to ensuring all new cars and vans are zero emission by 2040 or earlier. 

But the apparent unwillingness of China, the world’s largest car market, and the United States – the world’s largest economy and second-largest car market – to join the pledge raises questions about its effectiveness.

Reuters claims via sources that while the United States is not joining the pledge, key car-buying states like California and New York have agreed to.

An auto industry source also told Reuters that some car makers are wary of the pledge because it commits them to a costly shift in technology, but lacks a similar commitment from governments to ensure the necessary charging and grid infrastructure would be built to support electric vehicles.

In the summer the European Commission proposed an effective ban on fossil-fuel vehicles by 2035, accompanied by a commitment to charging infrastructure that carmakers had demanded. 

The British government statement said a joint declaration would also be signed by companies including food retailer Sainsbury’s and cities around the world aiming to green their vehicle fleets.

Commenting on the declaration, John Pettigrew, CEO of National Grid, said the pledge was a ‘hugely positive step for the transport decarbonisation agenda’. 

He added: ‘By signing up, countries have sent a strong signal, committing to clean transport and clean air.

‘To deliver these outcomes, it is essential that transport and energy networks work together to deliver the most efficient network solution and make the most efficient use of available funding. 

‘To successfully decarbonise transport, countries need to invest for the long-term, for example in EV charging infrastructure.’

Also announced during the dedicate transport day at COP26 is the need for all new heavy goods vehicles sold in the UK to be zero emissions by 2040. 

Signatories for COP26 declaration on accelerating the transition to 100% zero emission cars and vans

Governments

Austria

Azerbaijan

Cambodia

Canada

Cape Verde

Chile

Croatia

Cyprus

Denmark

El Salvador

Finland

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Netherlands

New Zealand

Norway

Poland

Slovenia

Sweden

United Kingdom

Governments in emerging markets and developing economies

Dominican Republic

Ghana

India – two-wheelers and three-wheelers constitute more than 70% of global sales and more than 80% in India. All governments should also support the transition of these light vehicles to zero emission vehicles

Kenya

Secretariat of Economy, Mexico

Paraguay

Rwanda

Turkey

Uruguay 

Cities, states and regional governments

Akureyri

Ann Arbor

Atlanta

Australian Capital Territory

Barcelona

Bologna

Bristol

British Columbia

Buenos Aires

California

Catalonia

Catamarca Province

Charleston

Dallas

Florence

Gangwon Province

Jeju Province

La Paz

Lagos

Los Angeles

New York

New York City

Northern Ireland

Quebec

Reykjavik

Rome

San Diego

San Francisco

Santa Monica

Sao Paolo

Scotland

Seattle

Sejong City

Seoul Metropolitan Government

Government of Sikkim

South Chungcheong Province

Ulsan Metropolitan City

Wales

Washington (state)

Automotive manufacturers

Avera Electric Vehicles

BYD Auto

Etrio Automobiles Private Limited

Ford Motor Company

Gayam Motor Works

General Motors

Jaguar Land Rover

Mercedes-Benz

MOBI

Quantum Motors

Volvo Cars

Fleet owners and operators or shared mobility platforms

ABB

Astra Zeneca

BT Group

Capgemini

Centrica

Danfoss

E.On

EDP

GlaxoSmithKline

Highland Electric Fleets HP Inc.

Iberdrola

Ingka Group/IKEA

LeasePlan Corporation

National Grid

Novo Nordisk

Openreach

Sainsbury’s

Siemens

SK Networks

Sky UK Limited

SSE

Tesco

Uber Technologies Inc.

Unilever

Vattenfall

Zenith

Zurich

Investors with significant shareholdings in automotive manufacturers

Adrian Dominican Sisters – Portfolio Advisory Board

AP7

Arabesque Asset Management

Committee on Mission Responsibility Through Investment of the Presbyterian Church USA

Congregation of St Joseph

Daughters of Charity, Province of St Louise

EOS at Federated Hermes

Impax Asset Management Group

Local Authority Pension Fund Forum

Mercy Investment Services Inc.

NEI Investments

Office of the New York City Comptroller

Seventh Generation Interfaith Coalition for Responsible Investment

Financial institutions

Aviva

NatWest

H. Other signatories

ADS-TEC Energy GmbH

AMPLY Power

Autovert Technologies Private Limited

Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Drive Electric Campaign

Enzen Global Solutions Private Limited

FIA Foundation

Global EV Drivers Association

Grip Invest Advisors Private Limited

International Council on Clean Transportation

Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change

Indian Chamber of Commerce

International Trade Union Confederation

Ohm Mobility

RMI India

Urban Transport Authority for Lima and Callao

WeaveGrid

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