Newly Discovered Protein Connected to Alzheimer’s Disease Risk

Summary: A mutation in the newly discovered SHMOOSE small protein is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Source: USC A mutation in a newly discovered small protein is connected to a significant increase in the risk for ...

Rare Human Gene Variant in ADHD, Autism Exposes Fundamental Sex Differences

Summary: Female mice show effects of the DAT mutation in brain regions unaffected in males, and vice versa. The findings reveal surprising differences in dopamine synapses between males and females controlling attention, pleasure, and motivation Source: FAU The prevalence, age ...

Do Sleep Timing and Duration Affect Dementia Risk?

Summary: Dementia risk was 69% higher in older adults who slept for more than 8 hours per night, and 2 times higher for those who went to bed before 9 pm. Source: Wiley New research published in the Journal of the ...

Common Alzheimer’s Gene Variant Linked to COVID Mortality

Summary: Mice with the Alzheimer’s disease-associated APOE4 and the APOE2 genes were more likely to die from COVID-19 than those with the APOE3 gene. Those with APOE4 and APOE2 genes had more virus replication in the lungs, higher inflammation, and ...

Does Stress Make It More Difficult to Become Pregnant?

Summary: Stress can reduce a woman’s ability to become pregnant during her menstrual cycle, a new study reports. Source: Wiley New research in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica suggests that stress may affect a woman’s fecundability, or her probability of achieving a ...

How Fear Memories Get Stuck in Some Brains

Summary: Down-regulation of the PRDM2 protein increases the consolidation of fear-related memories in the brain. Source: Linkoping University Researchers at Linköping University, Sweden, have discovered a biological mechanism that increases the strength with which fear memories are stored in the ...

Nightmares in Middle Age Linked to Dementia Risk

Summary: Middle-aged people who experience at least one nightmare a week are four times more likely to experience cognitive decline during the following decade. Older adults who experience weekly nightmares are twice as likely to develop dementia. The association is ...

Looking at Images of People Smiling at You Extends Antidepressant Effects of Ketamine

Summary: Automated computer-based training that focuses on positive words and images helps prolong the antidepressant effects of ketamine for those with treatment-resistant depression. Source: University of Pittsburg Simple computer-based neurocognitive training—using positive words and pictures designed to boost self-worth—prolongs the ...

Alzheimer’s Might Not Be Primarily a Brain Disease: A New Theory Suggests It’s an Autoimmune Condition

Summary: Rather than being simply a brain disease, researchers propose Alzheimer’s disease could be a disorder of the immune system within the brain. Source: The Conversation The pursuit of a cure for Alzheimer’s disease is becoming an increasingly competitive and ...

How the Brain Develops: A New Way to Shed Light on Cognition

Summary: A new computational neuroscience study sheds light on how the brain’s cognitive abilities develop and could help shape new AI research. Source: University of Montreal A new study introduces a new neurocomputational model of the human brain that could ...

Wolves Can Show Attachment Toward Humans

Summary: Wolves, like dogs, prefer the presence of a familiar person over that of a stranger. Familiarity with a human has a positive and calming impact on a wolf’s social behavior. Source: Stockholm University When it comes to showing affection ...

Globally, Diets Are Not Much Healthier Today Than They Were Thirty Years Ago

Summary: While the incorporation of healthier legumes and fruits into diets improved over time, dietary quality was offset by the consumption of unhealthy components, such as processed meats and sugar-sweetened drinks. Source: Tufts University On a scale from 0 to ...

Molecular Changes in the Brain in the Aftermath of a Traumatic Event May Help Explain Long-Term Susceptibility or Resilience

Summary: In mice genetically more susceptible to PTSD following a stressful event, researchers found an increased expression of cortisol receptors on neurons in the CA1 region of the dorsal hippocampus. Those increased receptors enabled an elevated expression of the HCN1 ...

Understanding the Connection Between the Immune System and Regeneration

Summary: Using zebrafish, researchers investigated the timing and genetic programming of macrophages that help repair and regenerate the sensory organs within the fish. The findings could help pave the way for regenerative treatments for spinal cord injuries, hearing loss, and ...

Observations in Macaques Provide New Insights Into How Mothers Form Attachments to Their Newborns

Summary: Female macaques appear to form an attachment to their infants via tactile sensations of their soft textures rather than on other cues, including sight and sound. Source: Harvard Neurobiologist Margaret Livingstone never expected to publish a study on maternal ...

How Can Infants Learn About Sounds in Their Native Language?

Summary: Researchers investigate how infants learn the speech contrasts of their native languages, identifying the necessary signals are presented in naturalistic speech. Source: University of Maryland Infants can differentiate most sounds soon after birth, and by age 1, they become ...

Heart Medication Shows Potential as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

Summary: Spironolactone, a medication commonly used to lower blood pressure and for treating heart-related problems, shows potential for the treatment of alcohol use disorder. Source: NIH A medication for heart problems and high blood pressure may also be effective for treating ...

‘Night Owls’ Could Have Greater Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Heart Disease Than Those Who Are ‘Early Birds’

Summary: Early birds use more fat for energy during both rest and exercise than night owls. Those who wake early are also more insulin sensitive, while those who stay up late are more insulin resistant, meaning they require more insulin ...

Genetic Link to Moving to the Beat of Music

Summary: Researchers have discovered 69 genetic variants associated with musical beat synchronization, or the ability to move in sync with the beat of music. Source: Vanderbilt University The first large-scale genomic study of musicality — published on the cover of ...

Nearly One in Ten in the US Reports Having Depression

Summary: A new study finds that the prevalence of depression is highest in women, adolescents, and young adults. Source: Columbia University Increases in depression without commensurate increases in treatment are widespread, reports a study conducted at Columbia University Mailman School of ...

How the Circadian Clock Helps the Brain Recover After Injury

Summary: NG2-glia, a newly discovered type of brain cell that can renew itself is regulated by circadian rhythms. The findings shed new light on how the body’s circadian clock can promote healing following a traumatic brain injury. Source: Children’s National ...

Four New Brain Areas Involved in Many Cognitive Processes Mapped

Summary: Researchers have mapped four new areas of the human anterior prefrontal cortex that play critical roles in cognitive processing. Two of these newly mapped areas are larger in females than in males. Source: Human Brain Project Researchers of the ...

Social Touch and Its Newly Discovered Neural Pathway

Summary: A neural pathway that leads directly from the thalamus to the hypothalamus plays a critical role in processing touch information, a new study reveals. Source: ETLE Touch plays an important role in social behavior. A kind gesture, a hug, ...

Multitude of Stressful Events in 2020 May Have Harmed Social Development of Young Adults

Summary: The stressful events of 2020 may have harmed the social development of young people at a crucial point in their lives, a new study reports. Source: Society for Personality and Social Psychology 2020 was a uniquely stressful year – ...

Don’t Look at Me Like That: Integration of Gaze Direction and Facial Expression

Summary: The emotional expressions of faces influence how their gazes shape our attention. Source: University of Würzburg Does eye contact always attract attention? Not in every case, as a research team at the University of Würzburg’s Institute of Psychology has ...

2 in 3 Parents Say Their Child Is Self-Conscious About Their Appearance

Summary: 1 in 3 parents say their children have been treated unkindly due to their appearance, and 1 in 5 parents say their children avoid certain activities based upon insecurities about their appearance. Source: University of Michigan The majority of ...

Fit for Work at Over 50

Summary: Workers over 50 often benefit from better mental performance, self-confidence, psychological resilience, and a greater sense of well-being, especially if exposed to specific training sessions. Source: University of Bonn Am I over the hill? This question comes up regularly ...

Teen Alcohol Misuse Is a Driver of Poorer Health and Dissatisfaction in Midlife

Summary: Teenagers with problematic alcohol use are more likely to experience poorer health and worse life satisfaction during their mid-thirties. Source: Research Society on Alcoholism Alcohol misuse in adolescence affects physical health and life satisfaction over multiple decades, outcomes that ...

Discovery of the Causes of Brain Dysfunction in Patients With Huntington’s Disease

Summary: Researchers discovered decreased function in a protein critical for synaptic function in those with Huntington’s disease. Source: KIST Huntington’s disease (HD) is a hereditary brain disease caused by a mutation in the huntingtin gene. HD is a neurodegenerative disease ...

Drinking Plenty of Tea May Reduce the Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes

Summary: Drinking four or more cups of black, green, or oolong tea daily was associated with a 17% lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Source: Diabetologia A systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 cohort studies involving more than 1 ...

Adults Show Poorer Cognition, Better Well-Being with Age

Summary: Significantly worse symptoms of depression, anxiety, and loneliness were seen in younger people, while older people showed greater mental well-being. However, when it came to cognition, task performance was worse in older adults. Source: UCSD The young and old ...

Like Genes, Your Gut Microbes Pass From One Generation to the Next

Summary: Not only did microbes diversify within early modern human hosts as they traveled and settled in different geographical locations, they also followed human evolution by limiting themselves to the gut. Source: The Conversation When the first humans moved out ...

ALS Risk Higher Among Production Workers, Those Exposed to Metals, Volatile Compounds on Job

Summary: Those working in production occupations, especially those exposed to volatile organic compounds, metals, combustion pollutants, and particulate matter have a higher risk of developing ALS. Source: University of Michigan In the 150 years since ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ...

Cannabis Users No Less Likely to Be Motivated or Able to Enjoy Life’s Pleasure

Summary: Cannabis users show no difference in motivation for rewards, pleasure from rewards, or the brain’s response to reward-seeking than non-cannabis users. Source: UCL Adult and adolescent cannabis users are no more likely than non-users to lack motivation or be ...

Why Are Young People So Miserable?

Summary: Examining a dozen measures of psychological well-being, researchers found young adults tally the lowest scores of any age group. Source: Harvard Twenty years ago, life satisfaction surveys of those 18 and older showed the highest readings among America’s younger ...

Fruit, Vegetables and Exercise Can Make You Happier

Summary: Consuming fruits and vegetables, and exercise makes people happier, not the other way around, a new study reports. Increased happiness was associated with eating more fruits and vegetables in women, and in exercising more in men. Source: University of ...

Personalized Prediction of Depression Treatment Outcomes With Wearables

Summary: A new multitask model artificial intelligence algorithm based on data from wearables predicts treatment outcomes on an individual basis for those with depression. Source: WUSTL Over the past several years, managing one’s mental health has become more of a ...

Seven Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Reduce Dementia Risk for People With Diabetes

Summary: Getting the recommended amount of sleep, daily exercise, eating a healthy diet, and resisting alcohol and tobacco are among the seven identified lifestyle alterations those with diabetes should take to decrease their risk of developing dementia. Source: AAN A ...

Cognitive Health May Benefit From Balanced Meal Timing

Summary: Breakfast may very well be the most important meal of the day, especially in terms of maintaining good cognitive health. Researchers found skipping breakfast increases the risk of cognitive decline in middle-to-old age, while maintaining a temporal distribution of ...

The Experience of Reward Increases Connectivity Between the Default Mode Network and Other Brain Regions

Summary: Study reveals how reward enhances connectivity between the ventral striatum and the default mode network, impacting behavior. Source: Kessler Foundation Researchers have reported findings that add to our knowledge of how human behavior may be shaped by the default ...


Talk With Your Hands? You Might Think With Them Too!

The Hemispheres Are Not Equal: How the Brain Is Not Symmetrical

Dozens of Gut Bacteria Associated With Multiple Sclerosis

Diet Could Play a Role in Cognitive Function Across Diverse Races and Ethnicities

Repeated Infections Associated With Increased Risk of Some Neurodegenerative Diseases

Fitness Trackers Reveal Links Between Exercise, Memory, and Mental Health

Length of REM Sleep to Body Temperature

How Healthy Is Your Brain?

Obtaining Effects Through Virtual Reality Comparable to Those of Psychedelic Drugs

A Switch Telling the Brain When to Learn and When to Remember

Daily Multivitamin Use May Slow Cognitive Aging for Older Adults

Brain Patterns Reveal Why Elderly Drivers Are Prone to Mistaking the Gas Pedal for the Brake Pedal

Stress and Worry Over the State of the World Keeps Some Americans up at Night

Past History of Abuse Leads to Worse Menopause Symptoms

This Fungus Shrinks in Size to Better Infect the Brain

Moral Illusions May Alter Our Behavior

Risk for Developing Alzheimer’s Disease Increases by 50-80% In Older Adults Who Caught COVID-19

Preventing ‘Chemo Brain’ With Antioxidants Targeting the Spinal Fluid

Problems Persist for Kids Exposed to Cannabis in the Womb

What’s the Best Way to Soothe a Crying Baby?

Does Better Autobiographical Memory Enhance the Propensity for Creative Thinking?

US Presidential Narcissism Linked to Longer Wars

Older Adults With Regular Activity Routines Are Happier and Do Better on Cognitive Tests

The Gene to Which We Owe Our Big Brain

How Visual Information Travels From the Retina to the Midbrain

How Many Drinks Is Too Many?

Exercise Hormone Halts Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms

Daytime Eating May Benefit Mental Health

Children Don’t Believe Everything They Are Told

Can the Flu Shot Reduce Your Risk of Stroke?

Anti-diarrhea Medication May Help Treat Core Autism Symptoms

Front-Loading Calories Early in the Day Reduces Hunger but Does Not Affect Weight Loss

How We Misunderstand Anxiety and Miss Out on Its Benefits

Bullies Have Increased Risk for Violent Offenses

Food Insecurity Has Lasting Impacts on the Brains and Behavior of Mice

Ballroom Dance Training Promotes Empathy

How Memory of Personal Interactions Declines With Age

Jumping Gene Found to Be Strongly Linked to Depression, Fear, and Anxiety

Antibiotics Given in Infancy May Have Adverse Impact on Adult Gut Health

Gut Microbes May Lead to Therapies for Mental Illness

I Never Forget a Face: The Science of Super-Recognizers’ Amazing Feats of Recognition

Modern Humans Generate More Brain Neurons Than Neanderthals

Subtle Structural Brain Alterations in Youth With Suicidal Behaviors

Pregnant Women With Obesity and Diabetes May Be More Likely to Have a Child With ADHD

How to Deal With Sleep Problems During Heat Waves

Can Good Dental Health Help Protect Against Cognitive Decline and Dementia?

Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder May Be Detectable Years Before Illnesses Begin

New Knowledge About the Link Between Infection During Pregnancy and Autism

Somatostatin Neurons Cooperate in the Cerebral Cortex

AI-Based Research Reveals That Extreme Temperatures Fuel Online Hate Speech

Three Autism Subgroups With Distinct Prenatal Risk Factors

Cravings for Fatty Foods Traced to Gut-Brain Connection

Antipsychotic Use Associated With Elevated Risk of Breast Cancer

Study Calls for Change in Guidance About Eating Fish During Pregnancy

How Does Nature Nurture the Brain?

Fervent Fans Keep Faith With Heroes Even After ‘Immoral Acts’

Stimulation of the Vagus Nerve Strengthens the Communication Between the Stomach and the Brain

How the Brain Focuses on What’s in Mind

Insomnia Increases the Likelihood of Memory Decline in Older Adults

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Linked to Increased Risk of Cancer, Decline in Mental Processing, and Increased Blood Clot Risk

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